Installing NVIDIA graphics drivers on recent distributions (Fedora, Ubuntu, ...)
Please note: Whenever possible, it is recommended that you use your Linux distribution's NVIDIA Linux graphics driver packages. This will ensure better integration with the distribution's native package management system and reduce the likelihood of problems after system updates, etc..
Fedora Core 6, Fdora 7/8/9 & RHEL5
If you wish to install the NVIDIA Linux graphics driver on a Fedora Core 6, Fedora 7/9 or RHEL5 system, please ensure that your system meets the following requirements:
* the latest update kernel is installed and in useThe items above can be addressed with the following commands (they need to be run as root):
# yum install kernel-devel xorg-x11-server-sdk pkgconfigIf you are using an SMP (multi-CPU and/or multi-core) enabled system in FC5(only), please replace kernel-devel with kernel-smp-devel in the command above.
The SELinux requirement can be addressed via two mechanisms after the NVIDIA Linux graphics driver has been installed:
1) If you do not wish to use SELinux enforcement, you can disable it by running the `setenforce 0` command before starting X, or by adding selinux=0 to the end of the kernel line in /etc/grub.conf and rebooting.
2) If you wish to use SELinux enforcement, you will need to change the security context of the NVIDIA X driver module and of the server-side NVIDIA GLX extension module. To achieve this, please run the commands listed for your platform below:
# chcon -t texrel_shlib_t /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers/nvidia_drv.soLinux/x86-64 (64-bit):
# chcon -t texrel_shlib_t /usr/lib64/xorg/modules/drivers/nvidia_drv.so
Debian GNU/Linux or [K]Ubuntu with Xorg 7.x
If you wish to install the NVIDIA Linux graphics driver on a Debian GNU/Linux or Ubuntu system that ships with Xorg 7.x, please ensure that your system meets the following requirements:
* development tools like make and gcc are installedIf you use Ubuntu, please also ensure that the linux-restricted-modules or linux-restricted-modules-common packages have been uninstalled. Alternatively, you can edit the /etc/default/linux-restricted-modules or /etc/default/linux-restricted-modules-common configuration file and disable the NVIDIA linux-restricted kernel modules (nvidia, nvidia_legacy) via:
DISABLED_MODULES="nv nvidia_new"Additionally, delete the following file if it exists:
/lib/linux-restricted-modules/.nvidia_new_installedPlease note: unfortunately, it has become difficult to keep track of the pre-/post-installation steps required for [K]Ubuntu, and the above instructions may be incomplete. If in doubt, it is recommended that you use your distributor's NVIDIA Linux graphics driver packages, exclusively.
If you require further assistance after following the instructions above, please see:
Updates for more recent common problems
32-bit distributions with 64-bit kernels
Some distributions have the option of installing a 64-bit kernel for use with all 32-bit userspace programs. This configuration is not supported by the NVIDIA Linux Graphics Driver. If you try to install the 64-bit driver package on such a system, you will receive an error like the following:
./nvidia-installer: No such file or directoryIf you have this configuration, use your distribution's package manager to install a 32-bit kernel and then install the 32-bit version of the NVIDIA Linux Graphics Driver.
Updates for X.org 7.3
Server crash with X.org 7.3 and Xinerama
X.org 7.3 enables the Composite extension by default, but it fails to initialize when Xinerama is enabled. This causes a bad interaction with the NVIDIA driver resulting in a server crash. To work around this problem run
# nvidia-xconfig --no-compositeto explicitly disable the Composite extension.
Mouse problem with X.org 7.3 and multiple X screens or Xinerama
The version of xf86-input-mouse shipped with X.org 7.3 contains a bug that confines the pointer to one of the screens. You can avoid this problem by using the xf86-input-evdev driver instead.
[Edit: This is fixed in xf86-input-mouse-1.2.3]
Updates for xorg-server 188.8.131.521 and higher and Fedora 9
Fedora 9 ships with a prerelease version of xorg-server 1.5. This server has improved autoconfiguration that allows it to function without a configuration file. Because /etc/X11/xorg.conf does not exist, nvidia-xconfig will create an /etc/X11/XF86Config file instead. While this will work, some people may find it confusing.
Unfortunately, xorg-server 184.108.40.2061 removed support for the RgbPath option, so X configuration files generated by nvidia-xconfig will not work. For these servers, I recommended that you delete everything but the "Device" section and leave the rest up to the X server's autoconfiguration:
Installing the NVIDIA driver on Fedora 12
Fedora 12 (and possibly other Linux distributions) ships with the "nouveau" driver enabled by default. Having this driver loaded prevents the NVIDIA driver from loading, producing an error like the following:
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